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Infos: HRW: ‘civilians have continued to bare the brunt of conflict’ in Africa

Group of people in Kinshasa in 2022   –   Copyright © africanews cleared By Rédaction Africanews Last updated: 19 hours ago Human Rights Human Rights Watch (HRW) has called on The African Union (AU) and subregional mechanisms to urgently establish systems to ensure rigorous human rights monitoring and reporting in areas of conflict.  In at least

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Infos: HRW: ‘civilians have continued to bare the brunt of conflict’ in Africa
Group of people in Kinshasa in 2022   –  

Copyright © africanews

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Human Rights

Human Rights Watch (HRW) has called on The African Union (AU) and subregional mechanisms to urgently establish systems to ensure rigorous human rights monitoring and reporting in areas of conflict. 

In at least 15 armed conflicts, including in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Mozambique, Mali, Burkina Faso, and South Sudan, government forces or non-state armed groups have been implicated in abuses against civilians according to the report. 

“Some of the most egregious human rights violations continue to cascade in the context of conflicts. Civilians have continued to bare the brunt of armed conflict, communal violence, political, and social unrest, as well as government repression against critical and independent voices in several African countries” said Mausi Segun the Africa director at Human Rights Watch.

She added, “There was an AU extra-ordinary summit on unconstitutional coups in May of last year where the African union condemned terrorism, violent extremism, and all forms of unconstitutional changes of government; we are calling on the African union and its mechanisms to also put human rights, justice and accountability at the core of its different processes and decisions.”

In particular, it calls on the international community to “continue to push” for accountability for abuses committed in the Tigray region of Ethiopia following the peace agreement reached last November.

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              Infos: The Congo and World Bank launch Digital Acceleration Project

              Congolese officials and the Director of Infrastructure in the World Bank’s Africa West region, on January 24, 2023.   –   Copyright © africanews Clearrf By Rédaction Africanews and Laudes Martial, correspondent in Brazzaville, The Congo Last updated: 27/01 – 22:48 Republic of the Congo The view of a cybercafé is commonplace in The Congo. Gloire Ness

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              Infos: The Congo and World Bank launch Digital Acceleration Project
              Congolese officials and the Director of Infrastructure in the World Bank’s Africa West region, on January 24, 2023.   –  

              Copyright © africanews

              Clearrf

              Republic of the Congo

              The view of a cybercafé is commonplace in The Congo. Gloire Ness a 21-year old from Bacongo in Brazzaville managesa small business.

              On a daily basis, he has to deal with issues ranging from blackouts to poor access to Internet.

              “The difficulties primarily from the Internet connection. Customers often say it's a little slow. It's not the quality we want. Still you’ve got to deal with it anyway.”

              In order to positively impact at least 2 million Congolese, the Digital Transformation Acceleration Project was launched Tuesday (Jan. 24). Local authorities took out a multi-million dollar loan to fund it. The World Bank contributed 100 million dollars for a five-year period.

              According to the project managers, the Congo will benefit in the near future from a grant of 15 million euros (10 billion CFA francs) from the European Union (EU).

              “The World Bank is pleased to contribute to the financing of this strategic pillar as part of its Digital Economy initiative for Africa, which aims to support countries in their digitalization efforts,” Franz Drees-Gross, the Director of Infrastructure in the World Bank’s Africa West region said.

              The project aims to ramp up the government's ability to providing more efficient digital public services and to increase access to Internet for underserved populations.

              The community aspect includes what are called “dead spots”, that is to say areas where economic operators, based on their specifications, are not bound to provide bandwith coverage because it is not profitable for them. Therefore, the State, which has the obligation to provide universal service, must ensure the connectivity of all citizens,” project coordinator Francis Seck Mangouani explained.

              The Digital Acceleration Project launches as another one is currently being deployed. For several years now, the Congo has been trying to improve its interconnection with other countries in the sub-region, notably Gabon, Cameroon and the Central African Republic.

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                        Infos: Much of Africa less safe, democratic than in 2012 – Mo Ibrahim Foundation

                        In this photograph taken Tuesday July 19, 2011 armed soldiers stage a night patrol at an isolated outpost in the Kruger National Park's Sabi River valley.   –   Copyright © africanews Denis Farrell/AP2011 By Rédaction Africanews and AP Last updated: 26/01 – 13:39 Sudan A new report on African governance released Wednesday (Jan. 25) finds much

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                        Infos: Much of Africa less safe, democratic than in 2012 – Mo Ibrahim Foundation
                        In this photograph taken Tuesday July 19, 2011 armed soldiers stage a night patrol at an isolated outpost in the Kruger National Park's Sabi River valley.   –  

                        Copyright © africanews

                        Denis Farrell/AP2011

                        Sudan

                        A new report on African governance released Wednesday (Jan. 25) finds much of the continent is “less safe, secure and democratic” than it was 10 years ago, citing a surge in military coups and armed conflicts.

                        The democratic backsliding now threatens to reverse decades of progress made in Africa, according to an index of governance compiled by the Mo Ibrahim Foundation that notes 23 successful and attempted coups since 2012.

                        “This phenomenon of coup d’etats that was common in the '80s seems to have become fashionable again in certain parts of Africa,” said Ibrahim, a British billionaire born in Sudan who is using his fortune to promote democracy and political accountability in Africa.

                        His foundation's report cited eight successful coups just since 2019. Mali and neighboring Burkina Faso have seen two each during that time, further destabilizing a part of the world already under siege by Islamic militants.

                        Pervasive security problems

                        The report's authors also found overall security problems pervasive: Over the past decade, nearly 70% of Africans saw security and rule of law decrease in their countries, they said. More than 30 countries declined in this category, according to the index.

                        South Sudan ranked at the bottom, followed by Somalia, Eritrea, Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Burundi, Libya and Equatorial Guinea.

                        Government violence against civilians and political unrest increased across Africa since the COVID-19 pandemic began, the report says, with governments using restrictions to clamp down on dissent.

                        “Although this trend predates the pandemic, existing antidemocratic tendencies have been accelerated by the introduction of restrictive measures and emergency provisions that have been left in place for an extended time period,” it said.

                        The index did chart improvements in some economic, education and gender equity categories, Ibrahim said. However, the report only analyzed data through the end of 2021 so did not take into account the full impact of the global COVID-19 pandemic.

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                                    Infos: Cameroon denies asking foreign mediation with separatists amid Canada’s claim

                                    In this photo taken Friday, Oct. 5. 2018, people sit under campaign election posters of President Paul Biya, in Yaounde, Cameroon.   –   Copyright © africanews Sunday Alamba/Copyright 2018 The AP. All rights reserved. By Rédaction Africanews Last updated: 25/01 – 14:24 Cameroon's Anglophone Crisis The Cameroonian government has denied that it asked any country to

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                                    Infos: Cameroon denies asking foreign mediation with separatists amid Canada’s claim
                                    In this photo taken Friday, Oct. 5. 2018, people sit under campaign election posters of President Paul Biya, in Yaounde, Cameroon.   –  

                                    Copyright © africanews

                                    Sunday Alamba/Copyright 2018 The AP. All rights reserved.

                                    Cameroon's Anglophone Crisis

                                    The Cameroonian government has denied that it asked any country to mediate in its conflict with separatists trying to form a breakaway state called Ambazonia in its minority English-speaking regions. The latest comes after Canada last week said it had received a request to work on a peace process.

                                    In a statement issued on Monday, Cameroon said it had “not entrusted any foreign country or external entity with any role of mediator or facilitator to settle the crisis”. 

                                    In response, a spokesperson for the Anglophone separatists, said they had taken note of the government's latest statement while Ottawa on Tuesday said it was in touch with both sides in the conflict, maintaining that it’s statement still stands.

                                    Since 2017, factions of secessionist militias have been battling government troops in the two English-speaking regions of Cameroon. 

                                    The conflict with government troops has left at least 6000 people dead and nearly 800,000 people displaced according to the Canadian government.

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